Exploring Alkenes: Properties, Reactions, and Industrial Applications

Alkene

double bond

An alkene is a type of hydrocarbon that contains a carbon-carbon double bond. Alkenes are unsaturated hydrocarbons and have the general molecular formula of CnH2n.

The carbon-carbon double bond in an alkene is formed by the sharing of four electrons between the two carbon atoms. The double bond is shorter and stronger than a single bond, which results in alkenes being more reactive chemical compounds than alkanes.

There are many different types of reactions that can be performed on alkenes, including addition reactions, oxidation reactions, reduction reactions, and polymerization reactions. Addition reactions are the most common type of reaction with alkenes and involve breaking the double bond and adding atoms or groups of atoms to the carbons that were originally double bonded.

Alkenes are important industrial chemicals and are used in the production of plastics, synthetic rubber, and many other products. In addition, alkenes are important intermediates in the synthesis of other organic compounds and are used extensively in organic chemistry research.

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