Saturated Hydrocarbons: Properties and Applications

saturated hydrocarbon

contains maximum amount of Hs

Saturated hydrocarbons are organic compounds that contain only single bonds between the carbon atoms, and each carbon atom is bonded to as many hydrogen atoms as possible. They are also known as alkanes. The general formula for saturated hydrocarbons is CnH2n+2, where n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.

Saturated hydrocarbons are relatively stable and unreactive compare to unsaturated hydrocarbons, which contain double or triple bonds between carbon atoms. Saturated hydrocarbons are usually found as either gases or liquids at room temperature, depending on the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. For example, methane (CH4) is a gas, while butane (C4H10) is a liquid at room temperature.

Saturated hydrocarbons are commonly used as fuels because they burn easily in the presence of oxygen, producing carbon dioxide and water as byproducts. They are also used in chemical industries as raw materials and solvents. Some common examples of saturated hydrocarbons include methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane, and decane.

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A Beginner’s Guide to Functional Groups in Organic Chemistry

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