Role of Insulin in Glucose Uptake: A Critical Process for Regulating Blood Glucose Levels

Insulin binds to the insulin receptor and promotes _______ uptake into cells via the _______ transporter

glucose, GLUT4

Insulin binds to the insulin receptor and promotes glucose uptake into cells via the insulin-sensitive glucose transporter (GLUT4). Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that plays a critical role in regulating blood glucose levels. Insulin promotes the uptake of glucose from the bloodstream into cells, where it can be used as a source of energy or stored as glycogen. The insulin receptor is found on the surface of many cell types, including muscle, fat, and liver cells. When insulin binds to its receptor, it initiates a signaling cascade that leads to the translocation of GLUT4 transporters to the cell surface, allowing glucose to enter the cell.

More Answers:

Role of Basal and Bolus Insulin in Glucose Control for People with Diabetes
Relationship Between Insulin and Glucose: Maintaining a Balanced Blood Sugar Level.
Low Insulin Rates: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

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