Impaired Fasting Blood Glucose (IFG) & Its Relationship to Diabetes: Symptoms & Treatment

Impaired fasting blood glucose

100-125 mg/dl

Impaired fasting blood glucose (IFG) is a medical condition in which the glucose levels in the blood are elevated but do not meet the criteria for a diabetes diagnosis. The levels of glucose in the blood are measured after an individual has not eaten for at least 8 hours, such as before breakfast, and are usually measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl).

IFG is diagnosed when the fasting blood glucose levels are between 100 and 125 mg/dl. This condition is considered to be a precursor to type 2 diabetes and is also known as prediabetes. Individuals with IFG have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and are also at risk for other health complications such as cardiovascular disease.

Treatment for IFG usually includes making lifestyle modifications. This may include changes in diet, exercise, and weight loss. Medications such as metformin may also be prescribed to help lower blood glucose levels. Regular blood glucose monitoring is recommended to help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes and other complications.

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