Genotypes: The Genetic Makeup of Organisms Explained.

genotype

the combination of the genes for a trait. The letter combination of alleles.

Genotype refers to the genetic makeup of an organism. It is the complete set of genes inherited from both parents that determines the physical and behavioral traits of an individual. The genotype is responsible for determining various physical, biochemical, and behavioral characteristics such as eye color, hair texture, blood type, susceptibility to diseases, and even intelligence levels. The genotype of an organism is represented by the various alleles and gene combinations present in the individual’s DNA. These alleles can be dominant, recessive or co-dominant, and different combinations can result in different traits. Genotypes can be studied and analyzed to understand the inherited characteristics of an organism and can be used for various purposes in fields such as genetics, medicine, and molecular biology.

More Answers:

Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment: How Different Genes Are Inherited Independently.
Mendel’s Law of Segregation for Inherited Traits and Diseases
The Significance of the Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance in Modern Genetics

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