Understanding Fully Specified Static Routes and Configuring them in Cisco IOS

Which type of static route that is configured on a router uses only the exit interface?

The type of static route that uses only the exit interface is called a fully specified or direct static route.

This type of static route is configured by specifying the exit interface that packets will take to reach the destination network.

To configure a fully specified static route, you need to specify the destination network, the subnet mask, and the exit interface. The router will then use the exit interface to forward packets to the destination network.

Here’s an example of how to configure a fully specified static route using the exit interface in Cisco IOS:

“`
Router(config)# ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 GigabitEthernet0/1
“`

In this example, the static route is configured for the destination network 192.168.1.0 with a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0. The exit interface specified is GigabitEthernet0/1. This means that any packet destined for the network 192.168.1.0 will be forwarded out of the GigabitEthernet0/1 interface.

It’s important to note that fully specified static routes may not be suitable for more complex network topologies, as they cannot accommodate for alternative paths or load balancing. In such cases, dynamic routing protocols like OSPF or BGP are preferred.

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