Enhancing Network Efficiency and Bandwidth Utilization with Multiplexing Techniques in Computer Science

A host device needs to send a large video file across the network while providing data communication to other users. Which feature will allow different communication streams to occur at the same time, without having a single data stream using all available bandwidth?

The feature that allows different communication streams to occur at the same time without a single data stream using all available bandwidth is known as multiplexing.

Multiplexing is the process of combining multiple data streams into a single transmission medium or channel. It allows multiple signals to share the same network infrastructure and utilize the available bandwidth efficiently. By using multiplexing techniques, such as time-division multiplexing (TDM) or frequency-division multiplexing (FDM), different data streams can be transmitted concurrently without interfering with each other.

In the context of the scenario you described, where a host device needs to send a large video file across the network while providing data communication to other users, multiplexing would enable the simultaneous transmission of the video file and other communication streams. This ensures that the available bandwidth is effectively utilized, preventing a single data stream from monopolizing the network and causing delays or congestion for other users.

To achieve multiplexing, the host device can use techniques like TDM, where the video file and other communication streams are divided into smaller, discrete time slots, and each stream is transmitted in its designated slot. Alternatively, FDM can be employed, where different communication streams are assigned specific frequency bands within the network’s spectrum, allowing them to coexist without interference.

Overall, multiplexing is a critical feature in networking that enables efficient and simultaneous transmission of multiple data streams over a shared network infrastructure while preventing any one stream from monopolizing the available bandwidth.

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