## difference in electrical potential between 2 points

### The difference in electrical potential between two points, also known as electric potential difference or voltage, is a fundamental concept in physics and electrical engineering

The difference in electrical potential between two points, also known as electric potential difference or voltage, is a fundamental concept in physics and electrical engineering. It represents the work done to move a unit positive charge from one point to another in an electric field. The unit of electric potential difference is the volt (V).

Electric potential difference is created by a source of electrical energy, such as a battery or a power supply. It is the result of the separation of positive and negative charges, creating an electric field between the two points. The electric field exerts a force on charges, causing them to move from a higher potential to a lower potential.

To explain this concept, let’s consider two points A and B in an electric field. If point A has a higher electrical potential than point B, it means that if a positive charge were placed at point A, it would experience an attractive force towards point B. On the other hand, if a positive charge were placed at point B, it would experience a repulsive force away from point A.

The electric potential difference between points A and B can be calculated using the equation:

ΔV = V_B – V_A

Where ΔV is the potential difference (V_B is the potential at point B and V_A is the potential at point A).

The direction of the electric field determines the direction of the potential difference. If the electric field points from A to B, the potential at point A is higher than at point B, resulting in a positive potential difference. If the electric field points from B to A, the potential at point B is higher than at point A, resulting in a negative potential difference.

The potential difference can be measured using a voltmeter, which is connected across the two points of interest. It essentially measures the potential energy difference per unit charge between the two points.

In practical applications, electric potential difference is essential in understanding and analyzing electrical circuits. It helps in determining the flow of electric current, the power consumed by electrical devices, and the behavior of components such as resistors, capacitors, and inductors.

In summary, the difference in electrical potential (or voltage) between two points represents the work done to move a unit positive charge from one point to another in an electric field. It is important in understanding the behavior and analysis of electrical circuits and is measured in volts (V).

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