## sin30º

### The sine of 30 degrees, denoted as sin(30º), represents a trigonometric function commonly used in geometry and calculus

The sine of 30 degrees, denoted as sin(30º), represents a trigonometric function commonly used in geometry and calculus. In order to understand the value of sin(30º), we need to know that trigonometric functions are calculated based on the ratios of the sides of a right triangle.

When considering a right triangle, one of the angles is always 90 degrees (a right angle), and the remaining two angles add up to 90 degrees. In this case, we are interested in the angle of 30 degrees within the right triangle.

To find the sine of an angle, we take the ratio of the length of the side opposite the angle to the length of the hypotenuse. The hypotenuse is the longest side of the right triangle and is directly opposite the right angle.

In a right triangle with a 30-degree angle, we can define the side opposite the angle as the “opposite side” and the side adjacent to the 30-degree angle as the “adjacent side.” The hypotenuse will be the longest side of the triangle.

Using the ratios of the sides, we find that sin(30º) = (opposite side) / (hypotenuse).

In the case of a 30-degree angle, if the length of the opposite side is “x” and the length of the hypotenuse is “1”, we can find the value of sin(30º) as follows:

sin(30º) = x / 1

Since we are dealing with special right triangles, namely the 30-60-90 triangle, we know that the ratio of the lengths of the sides follows a specific pattern. In a 30-60-90 triangle, the ratio is 1:√3:2, where the length of the hypotenuse is always twice the length of the side opposite the 30-degree angle.

Using this information, we can determine that the length of the opposite side of the 30-degree angle is 1/2 of the hypotenuse’s length. So, for our case, x = 1/2.

Plugging this value into the equation sin(30º) = x / 1, we have:

sin(30º) = 1/2 / 1

Simplifying, we find that:

sin(30º) = 1/2

Therefore, the value of sin(30º) is 1/2.

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