## Inferential stats

### ~ Pop x –> sampling strategy –> sample po x and collect data –> analyze and make claims about pop x

Inferential statistics is a branch of statistics that deals with making predictions or inferences about a population based on sample data. The main goal of inferential statistics is to draw conclusions about a larger group or population based on a smaller group or sample. This method uses statistical models to test hypotheses, make inferences, or predict values based on sample data.

Inferential statistics is used to determine whether the results obtained from a study or experiment can be generalized to the population as a whole. This process helps in making predictions regarding future events, making data-driven decisions, and evaluating the difference between two or more groups or variables. For example, inferential statistics can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of a new drug or treatment by comparing the results of a sample group to a control group.

There are several statistical methods used for inferential statistics, such as hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and regression analysis. These methods enable researchers to determine the significance of their findings and to draw conclusions about the population from which their sample was obtained.

Overall, inferential statistics plays a critical role in analyzing and interpreting data, making predictions, and providing insights into population dynamics that might not be possible with other research methods.

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