## Categorical variable

### A categorical variable is a type of variable that represents data which can be divided into groups or categories

A categorical variable is a type of variable that represents data which can be divided into groups or categories. These categories are often non-numeric and represent different characteristics or attributes. Categorical variables can be further classified into two subtypes: nominal and ordinal variables.

1. Nominal variables: In this type of categorical variable, the categories are not ordered or ranked. They simply represent different groups or classes. For example, gender (male or female), eye color (blue, green, brown), or car brands (Toyota, Ford, Honda) are nominal variables. There is no inherent order or hierarchy among the categories.

2. Ordinal variables: In this type of categorical variable, the categories have a meaningful order or ranking. The order can be based on importance, level of satisfaction, or any other criteria, but the distance between the categories is not necessarily equal. Examples of ordinal variables include education level (high school, bachelor’s, master’s), age groups (young, middle-aged, senior), or rating scales (poor, fair, good, excellent).

Categorical variables are commonly used in research, surveys, and statistical analyses. They provide a way to organize qualitative information and enable comparisons between different groups or categories. In statistical analysis, various techniques like chi-square tests, contingency tables, or logistic regression can be applied to analyze the relationship between categorical variables and identify patterns or associations.

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