## Compound Event

### In probability theory, a compound event refers to an event that is formed by combining two or more simple events

In probability theory, a compound event refers to an event that is formed by combining two or more simple events. A simple event is an event that cannot be broken down further into smaller events.

To understand compound events, it is helpful to know the difference between the two main types of probability: independent events and dependent events.

1. Independent events: Two events are considered independent if the outcome of one event does not affect the outcome of the other event. For example, if you flip a fair coin twice, the outcome of the first flip (heads or tails) does not affect the outcome of the second flip. In this case, the probability of both events occurring is the product of the individual probabilities. So, if the probability of getting heads on a single flip is 1/2, the probability of getting heads on both flips is (1/2) * (1/2) = 1/4.

2. Dependent events: Two events are considered dependent if the outcome of one event does affect the outcome of the other event. For example, suppose you draw a card from a deck and then draw a second card without replacement. The probability of the second event depends on the outcome of the first event. If the first card drawn is not replaced, the deck has one less card, which affects the probability of drawing a certain card on the second draw.

When dealing with compound events, different methods can be used to calculate the probability, depending on whether the events are independent or dependent.

For independent events, the probability of both events occurring is found by multiplying the individual probabilities. For three independent events, the probability would be the product of the individual probabilities of each event.

For dependent events, the probability of both events occurring is found by multiplying the probability of the first event by the probability of the second event, given that the first event has already occurred. This is known as the conditional probability. The formula for dependent events can be written as P(A and B) = P(A) * P(B|A), where P(A) is the probability of event A and P(B|A) is the probability of event B occurring given that event A has already occurred.

In summary, compound events involve combining two or more simple events, and the probability of a compound event can be calculated based on whether the events are independent or dependent.

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