## What are fractions?

### Fractions are a way to represent parts of a whole or a quantity that is divided into equal parts

Fractions are a way to represent parts of a whole or a quantity that is divided into equal parts. They consist of two numbers separated by a line, called a fraction bar or a division symbol. The number above the fraction bar is called the numerator, and it represents the number of parts we have. The number below the fraction bar is called the denominator, and it represents the total number of equal parts into which the whole is divided.

For example, in the fraction 3/4, the numerator is 3, indicating we have three parts out of a total of four equal parts. This means we have three-quarters of the whole.

Fractions can represent proper fractions, where the numerator is less than the denominator (e.g., 1/2), improper fractions, where the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator (e.g., 5/4), and mixed numbers, which are a combination of a whole number and a proper fraction (e.g., 2 1/3).

Fractions are an essential part of mathematics and are used in various applications, such as measurements, ratios, proportions, and probability. They are also crucial when working with operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions. Understanding fractions allows us to compare quantities, express parts of a whole, and solve real-world problems involving division or sharing.

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Understanding Proper Fractions | What They Are and How They Relate to Everyday Math