## pentagon

### A pentagon is a polygon with five sides and five angles

A pentagon is a polygon with five sides and five angles. The word “pentagon” is derived from the Greek words “pente,” meaning “five,” and “gonia,” meaning “angle.”

Properties and Characteristics of a Pentagon:

1. Sides: A pentagon has five sides, which are line segments connecting consecutive vertices.

2. Angles: A pentagon has five interior angles, with each angle formed by two adjacent sides. The sum of the interior angles in a pentagon is always equal to 540 degrees.

3. Diagonals: A diagonal of a pentagon is a line segment connecting any two non-adjacent vertices. A pentagon has five diagonals.

4. Regular and Irregular Pentagons: A regular pentagon has five congruent sides and five congruent angles. All interior angles in a regular pentagon measure 108 degrees. An irregular pentagon has sides and angles that are not all congruent.

Formulas and Calculations Related to a Pentagon:

1. Perimeter: The perimeter of a pentagon is calculated by adding the lengths of all five sides.

2. Area: The area of a regular pentagon can be calculated using the formula:

Area = (1/4) × (√(5(5+2√5))) × s², where s is the length of one side of the pentagon.

Example:

Consider a regular pentagon with side length s = 6 units.

1. Perimeter: The perimeter of this pentagon would be 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 30 units.

2. Area: Using the formula above, we can calculate the area as:

Area = (1/4) × (√(5(5+2√5))) × (6²) ≈ 61.9372 square units.

Applications of Pentagons:

Pentagons can be found in various real-world applications, such as architecture, art, and design. For example, the Pentagon building in Washington D.C. is one of the most identifiable pentagonal structures. The shape of a pentagon is also prevalent in the arrangement of petals on certain flowers or the shape of soccer balls.

##### More Answers:

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