## Midpoint

### The midpoint is a concept in geometry that refers to the point that divides a line segment into two equal halves

The midpoint is a concept in geometry that refers to the point that divides a line segment into two equal halves. In other words, it is the point that is equidistant from both endpoints of the line segment.

To find the midpoint of a line segment, you can use the midpoint formula, which states that the coordinates of the midpoint (x, y) can be found by taking the average of the x-coordinates and the average of the y-coordinates of the endpoints.

If the endpoints of a line segment are (x₁, y₁) and (x₂, y₂), then the midpoint can be found using the following formulas:

x = (x₁ + x₂) / 2

y = (y₁ + y₂) / 2

For example, let’s say we have a line segment with endpoints A(2, 4) and B(8, 10). To find the midpoint, we can plug these values into the midpoint formula:

x = (2 + 8) / 2 = 10 / 2 = 5

y = (4 + 10) / 2 = 14 / 2 = 7

Therefore, the midpoint of the line segment with endpoints A(2, 4) and B(8, 10) is M(5, 7).

The midpoint is not only useful in geometry but also in other areas of mathematics, such as coordinate geometry and calculus. It helps in determining the center of a line segment, which can be important in solving problems related to symmetry or finding a balance point.

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