## congruent

### In mathematics, the term “congruent” is used to describe two objects that have the same shape and size

In mathematics, the term “congruent” is used to describe two objects that have the same shape and size. When two objects are congruent, it means that all corresponding angles and sides of the objects are equal.

Congruent objects can be any type of geometrical shape, including triangles, rectangles, circles, or any other polygon.

To determine if two objects are congruent, we need to compare their corresponding sides and angles. For example, in the case of triangles, we can compare the lengths of their sides and the measures of their angles. If the corresponding sides and angles of two triangles are equal, then the triangles are congruent.

There are different criteria or methods to prove congruence for different types of shapes:

1. For triangles, the most commonly used criteria for congruence are:

– Side-Side-Side (SSS): If the lengths of all three sides of one triangle are equal to the lengths of the corresponding sides of another triangle, the triangles are congruent.

– Side-Angle-Side (SAS): If two sides and the included angle of one triangle are equal to the corresponding two sides and included angle of another triangle, the triangles are congruent.

– Angle-Side-Angle (ASA): If two angles and the included side of one triangle are equal to the corresponding two angles and included side of another triangle, the triangles are congruent.

– Angle-Angle-Side (AAS): If two angles and a non-included side of one triangle are equal to the corresponding two angles and non-included side of another triangle, the triangles are congruent.

– Hypotenuse-Leg (HL): If the hypotenuse and one side of a right triangle are equal to the hypotenuse and one side of another right triangle, the triangles are congruent.

2. For other shapes, such as rectangles or circles, the criteria for congruence may vary. In the case of rectangles, if the lengths of both pairs of opposite sides are equal, and the measures of all four angles are equal, then the rectangles are congruent. For circles, if the radii of two circles are equal, then they are congruent.

It’s important to note that congruent objects have identical shape and size, but they may be oriented differently. This means that congruent objects can be rotated, reflected, or translated, and they will still be considered congruent.

Overall, congruence is an essential concept in mathematics, particularly in geometry, as it helps us identify and analyze geometric objects that have the same shape and size.

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