## Square

### A square is a geometric shape that is defined as having four sides of equal length and four right angles

A square is a geometric shape that is defined as having four sides of equal length and four right angles. It is a special type of rectangle, where all sides are of the same length. The length of each side of a square is called its “side length”.

Properties of a square:

1. All sides are of equal length.

2. All angles are right angles (90 degrees).

3. Opposite sides are parallel and congruent.

4. Diagonals bisect each other at right angles.

5. The diagonals are of equal length.

6. The perimeter of a square is equal to the sum of the lengths of all four sides (P = 4s, where s is the side length).

7. The area of a square is given by the formula A = s^2, where s is the side length.

Example:

Consider a square with a side length of 5 units. The perimeter of this square would be P = 4 * 5 = 20 units. The area of the square would be A = 5^2 = 25 square units.

In real-life applications, squares are often found in various contexts. For example, a chessboard is made up of multiple squares. Floor tiles, brick patterns, and city grids are often designed using square shapes. In mathematics and geometry, squares play an important role due to their specific properties and symmetrical nature.

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