## median of a triangle

### The median of a triangle is a line segment that connects a vertex of the triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side

The median of a triangle is a line segment that connects a vertex of the triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side. In other words, it is a line segment that divides the triangle into two equal areas.

To find the median of a triangle, follow these steps:

1. Identify the vertex from which you want to draw the median.

2. Locate the midpoint of the opposite side from the chosen vertex. This can be done by drawing a line from the chosen vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side.

3. The line segment connecting the chosen vertex and the midpoint is called the median.

Each triangle has three medians, and they all intersect at a single point called the centroid. The centroid is the center of mass of the triangle and lies two-thirds of the way along each median from the vertex to the midpoint.

Medians have several important properties:

1. The lengths of the medians are proportional to the lengths of the sides they connect. For example, if the lengths of the sides of a triangle are a, b, and c, then the medians dividing those sides have lengths of (1/2)sqrt(2b²+2c²-a²), (1/2)sqrt(2c²+2a²-b²), and (1/2)sqrt(2a²+2b²-c²), respectively.

2. The medians divide the triangle into six smaller triangles with equal areas.

3. The centroid is the point of concurrency of the medians. This means that the three medians intersect at a single point, which is the geometric center of the triangle.

In summary, the median of a triangle is a line segment that connects a vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side. It has proportional lengths to the sides it connects and intersects with the other two medians at the centroid, which is the center of mass of the triangle.

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