## Angle Bisector

### An angle bisector is a line or ray that divides an angle into two equal angles

An angle bisector is a line or ray that divides an angle into two equal angles. It essentially cuts the angle into two congruent or equal parts. The point where the angle bisector intersects the angle is called the vertex of the angle.

To construct an angle bisector using a compass and a straightedge, you can follow these steps:

1. Draw the given angle using a straightedge and label the vertex.

2. Open your compass to any length, and draw an arc on both sides of the angle, intersecting the two sides of the angle. These arcs should be of the same radius.

3. Without changing the compass width, draw two more arcs starting from the intersection points of the previous arcs with the sides of the angle.

4. Using a straightedge, draw a line that connects the vertex of the angle with the point where the two new arcs intersect. This line is the angle bisector.

The angle bisector theorem is a helpful property related to angle bisectors in a triangle. According to this theorem, the angle bisector of an angle in a triangle divides the opposite side into segments that are proportional to the adjacent sides of the triangle. Mathematically, if an angle bisector intersects the opposite side of a triangle at a point, then the ratio of the two segments it creates is equal to the ratio of the lengths of the two adjacent sides of the triangle.

The use of angle bisectors is not limited to triangles. They can also be used in various geometric constructions and proofs, as well as to find the incenter of a triangle, which is the center of the circle that can be inscribed within the triangle.

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