## Proposition

### In mathematics, a proposition is a statement that is either true or false

In mathematics, a proposition is a statement that is either true or false. It is a fundamental concept in logic and forms the basis for reasoning and mathematical proof.

A proposition can be a simple statement, such as “2 + 2 = 4,” or a more complex statement, such as “Every even number greater than 2 can be expressed as the sum of two prime numbers.” Regardless of complexity, a proposition must have a definite truth value, which means it can be classified as either true or false.

Propositions are often denoted using variables, such as p, q, or r, and can be combined using logical operators like “and” (conjunction), “or” (disjunction), and “not” (negation). For example, if p and q are propositions, we can combine them using the logical conjunction operator as p ∧ q (p and q), or using the logical disjunction operator as p ∨ q (p or q). These logical operators allow us to build more complex propositions from simpler ones.

The study of propositions and their logical relationships forms the basis of propositional logic, which is an essential part of mathematics and computer science. Propositional logic helps in understanding how statements are connected and how we can reason about them. It enables the formalization of mathematical proofs and provides a rigorous framework for logical reasoning.

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