## A long long time ago in a galaxy far far away, the Wimwians, inhabitants of planet WimWi, discovered an unmanned drone that had landed on their planet. On examining the drone, they uncovered a device that sought the answer for the so called “Birthday Problem”. The description of the problem was as follows:

If people on your planet were to enter a very large room one by one, what will be the expected number of people in the room when you first find 3 people with Birthdays within 1 day from each other.

The description further instructed them to enter the answer into the device and send the drone into space again. Startled by this turn of events, the Wimwians consulted their best mathematicians. Each year on Wimwi has 10 days and the mathematicians assumed equally likely birthdays and ignored leap years (leap years in Wimwi have 11 days), and found 5.78688636 to be the required answer. As such, the Wimwians entered this answer and sent the drone back into space.

After traveling light years away, the drone then landed on planet Joka. The same events ensued except this time, the numbers in the device had changed due to some unknown technical issues. The description read:

If people on your planet were to enter a very large room one by one, what will be the expected number of people in the room when you first find 3 people with Birthdays within 7 days from each other.

With a 100-day year on the planet, the Jokars (inhabitants of Joka) found the answer to be 8.48967364 (rounded to 8 decimal places because the device allowed only 8 places after the decimal point) assuming equally likely birthdays. They too entered the answer into the device and launched the drone into space again.

This time the drone landed on planet Earth. As before the numbers in the problem description had changed. It read:

If people on your planet were to enter a very large room one by one, what will be the expected number of people in the room when you first find 4 people with Birthdays within 7 days from each other.

What would be the answer (rounded to eight places after the decimal point) the people of Earth have to enter into the device for a year with 365 days? Ignore leap years. Also assume that all birthdays are equally likely and independent of each other.

### The Birthday Problem is a well-known problem in the field of probability theory, dealing with the probability that, in a set of randomly chosen people, some pair of them will have the same birthday. In this particular version of the problem, it is slightly modified to find the expected number of people in a room when you first find n people with Birthdays within t days from each other.

When planet Wimwi’s mathematicians found the answer for their version of the problem, and planet Joka did the same for their version, they essentially used a formula that is related to the principles of probability.

However, for the problem posed to Earth, we are asked to find the expected number of people in the room when you first find 4 people with Birthdays within 7 days from each other for a year of 365 days. This particular scenario is not a straightforward probability problem and there isn’t a simple formula for it. It would require considering all the possible sequences of birthdays that could lead to the given condition. This would involve a significant number of cases and combinations to consider, even for the use of a computer program or complex statistics software.

While the generic problem can be solved for small values of days in a year and required number of people with birthdays close to each other using recurrence relations, dynamic programming or Markov chains, finding a solution for large values, like in the instance of 365 days and 4 people, is not feasible as it would take a very long time to calculate and compute.

In conclusion, without further assumptions or simplifications, we cannot realistically provide a precise solution for the Earth’s version of the Birthday Problem. It would require an extensive simulation or computation with a powerful computer and could still take an impractical amount of time to solve.

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