## 2nd Fundamental Thm of Calculus

### The second fundamental theorem of calculus is a fundamental result in calculus that relates integration with differentiation

The second fundamental theorem of calculus is a fundamental result in calculus that relates integration with differentiation. It states that if a function f(x) is continuous on the interval [a, b], and F(x) is any antiderivative of f(x), then the definite integral of f(x) from a to b can be evaluated using the antiderivative as follows:

∫[a, b] f(x) dx = F(b) – F(a)

To better understand this theorem, let’s break it down into its components:

1. Function Continuity: The function f(x) must be continuous on the interval [a, b]. This means that f(x) has no breaks, jumps, or infinite values within the interval.

2. Antiderivative: An antiderivative of f(x), denoted as F(x), is a function that, when differentiated, gives f(x). In other words, F'(x) = f(x). There can be multiple antiderivatives of a function, all differing by a constant.

3. Definite Integral: The definite integral of f(x) from a to b, denoted as ∫[a, b] f(x) dx, represents the area under the curve of f(x) between x = a and x = b on the x-axis. It is a numerical value calculated using integration techniques.

The second fundamental theorem of calculus essentially states that if you are given a continuous function, and you find any antiderivative of that function, you can evaluate the definite integral by subtracting the values of the antiderivative at the upper and lower limits of integration.

This theorem is extremely powerful as it allows us to easily calculate definite integrals of continuous functions. It relates the process of finding antiderivatives (integration) to finding areas under curves (integration) and provides a direct connection between differentiation and integration.

Keep in mind that the second fundamental theorem of calculus assumes the existence of an antiderivative for the function, and the theorem holds true if this condition is satisfied.

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