## Roelle’s Theorem

### Roelle’s Theorem, also known as the Intermediate Value Theorem, is a fundamental theorem in calculus which states that if a function is continuous on a closed interval [a, b], and it takes on values f(a) and f(b) at the endpoints, then it must also take on every value between f(a) and f(b) at some point within the interval

Roelle’s Theorem, also known as the Intermediate Value Theorem, is a fundamental theorem in calculus which states that if a function is continuous on a closed interval [a, b], and it takes on values f(a) and f(b) at the endpoints, then it must also take on every value between f(a) and f(b) at some point within the interval.

In simpler terms, if we have a continuous function that starts at one value and ends at another value on a closed interval, then it must pass through every value in between. This theorem is important because it guarantees the existence of at least one root or solution for an equation or inequality within a given interval.

To illustrate Roelle’s Theorem, let’s consider a simple example. Suppose we have a function f(x) = x^2 – 4 defined on the interval [-2, 2]. We can evaluate the function at the endpoints: f(-2) = (-2)^2 – 4 = 0 and f(2) = (2)^2 – 4 = 0. Since the function takes on the values 0 at both endpoints, Roelle’s Theorem guarantees that there exists at least one value c between -2 and 2 where f(c) = 0 (i.e., the function has a root within the interval).

It’s important to note that Roelle’s Theorem requires the function to be continuous on the entire interval. This means that there are no jumps, holes, or vertical asymptotes within the interval. Additionally, the function must also exist and be defined for every value in the interval.

Roelle’s Theorem is a powerful tool used in calculus to prove the existence of solutions and roots for various problems. It provides a mathematical guarantee that certain equations or inequalities will have solutions within a given interval, making it an essential concept in analysis and calculus.

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