## Marginal CostMarginal RevenueMarginal Profit

### Marginal Cost:

Marginal cost refers to the additional cost incurred by a business to produce one additional unit of a product or service

Marginal Cost:

Marginal cost refers to the additional cost incurred by a business to produce one additional unit of a product or service. It is calculated by dividing the change in total cost by the change in the quantity of output. In other words, it measures the cost of producing one more unit.

For example, if a company produces 100 units of a product at a total cost of $1,000 and then produces 101 units at a total cost of $1,050, the marginal cost for producing the 101st unit would be $50 ($1,050 – $1,000).

Marginal Revenue:

Marginal revenue is the additional revenue earned by a business from the sale of one additional unit of a product or service. It is calculated by dividing the change in total revenue by the change in quantity of output. Marginal revenue helps a company determine how the quantity of output affects its overall revenue.

Using the same example as above, if the company sells 100 units of a product at a total revenue of $2,000 and then sells 101 units at a total revenue of $2,040, the marginal revenue for selling the 101st unit would be $40 ($2,040 – $2,000).

Marginal Profit:

Marginal profit is the difference between marginal revenue and marginal cost. It represents the additional profit earned by a business from producing and selling one additional unit of a product or service. Marginal profit helps a company determine the optimal quantity of output that maximizes its profitability.

Continuing with the previous example, if the marginal revenue for selling the 101st unit is $40 and the marginal cost for producing that unit is $50, the marginal profit for producing and selling the 101st unit would be -$10 ($40 – $50), indicating a loss.

In general, a business aims to maximize its marginal profit by producing the quantity of output where marginal revenue equals marginal cost. This is known as the profit-maximizing quantity. If marginal revenue exceeds marginal cost, producing more units would result in increased profitability, and vice versa.

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