## Intermediate Value Theorem

### The Intermediate Value Theorem is a concept in calculus that states that if a function is continuous on a closed interval [a, b] and takes on two different values, f(a) and f(b), then it must also take on every value in between f(a) and f(b)

The Intermediate Value Theorem is a concept in calculus that states that if a function is continuous on a closed interval [a, b] and takes on two different values, f(a) and f(b), then it must also take on every value in between f(a) and f(b). In simpler terms, if a function starts at one value and ends at another value on an interval, it must pass through every intermediate value on that interval.

To understand the Intermediate Value Theorem, let’s consider an example. Suppose we have a function f(x) that is continuous over the interval [0, 2] and we know that f(0) = -3 and f(2) = 4. According to the Intermediate Value Theorem, since f(x) is continuous and takes on two different values, it must also take on every value in between -3 and 4.

This means that there exists at least one value c in the interval (0, 2) such that f(c) is equal to any real number between -3 and 4, including all values in between. In other words, the function must cross or intersect the y-values from -3 to 4 at some point within the interval.

The Intermediate Value Theorem is a fundamental concept in calculus and is often used to prove the existence of solutions to equations or to establish the existence of roots of functions. It relies on the assumption that the function is continuous, meaning that it has no abrupt jumps, breaks, or holes on the interval.

It’s important to note that the theorem does not specify the exact number of times the function crosses the intermediate values, nor does it provide a method to determine the actual values of c. Its purpose is to guarantee that such values exist based on the continuity of the function on the given interval.

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