## opposites

### In mathematics, opposites refer to numbers that are the same distance away from zero on the number line, but in opposite directions

In mathematics, opposites refer to numbers that are the same distance away from zero on the number line, but in opposite directions. More specifically, the opposite of a number x is denoted as -x and is located at the same distance from zero on the number line, but on the opposite side.

For example, the opposite of 5 is -5, as it is 5 units to the right of zero on the number line, while -5 is 5 units to the left of zero. Similarly, the opposite of -3 is 3, since -3 is 3 units to the left of zero, while 3 is 3 units to the right of zero.

The concept of opposites is significant in various mathematical operations. For addition, the sum of a number and its opposite is always zero. For instance:

5 + (-5) = 0

-3 + 3 = 0

When it comes to subtraction, we can rewrite it as the addition of a number and its opposite. For example:

7 – 4 is the same as 7 + (-4)

Opposites are also important in understanding signed numbers and integers. Positive numbers are greater than zero, while negative numbers are less than zero. Using a positive or negative sign helps indicate the direction or sign of the number.

Overall, the concept of opposites in mathematics provides a way to represent and understand numbers and their relative positions on the number line.

##### More Answers:

Understanding Coordinate Pairs | Exploring the Concept of (0, -2) in MathematicsFinding the Number to the Left of -3 on the Number Line | Explained Step by Step

The Fundamentals of Negative Numbers in Mathematics | Key Concepts and Applications