## negative numbers

### On a number line, numbers LESS THAN ZERO are called __________.

Negative numbers are a numerical value that is less than zero and represents a direction opposite to that of positive numbers. They are used in a variety of mathematical applications, such as measuring temperature changes, computing net gains or losses, and describing positions in coordinate systems.

In mathematics, negative numbers are represented by a minus sign (-) placed immediately before the number. For example, the number -5 is a negative number, indicating that it is 5 units to the left of the origin on a number line.

Negative numbers follow the same arithmetic rules as positive numbers, although their operations can behave differently depending on the context. For instance, subtracting a negative number from a positive number is equivalent to adding the absolute value of the negative number to the positive number.

Negative numbers are used in various fields of science and other areas of study, such as economics and finance, to represent decreases, decreases in temperatures or degrees below zero, and values of assets that are below zero. The concept of negative numbers is essential in mathematics, and their understanding is necessary for solving complex mathematical problems.

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