The Third Intermediate Period

Third Intermediate Period (c. 1070 – 664 BCE)

The Third Intermediate Period was a period of ancient Egyptian history that lasted from around 1070 BCE to 664 BCE. This period followed the end of the New Kingdom and was characterized by political instability, foreign influence, and decline in Egypt’s central authority.

One of the most important events that marked the beginning of the Third Intermediate Period was the invasion of Egypt by the people known as the Libyans. The Libyans established their own dynasties and ruled over parts of Egypt, particularly in the northern and western regions. This foreign influence weakened the authority of the pharaohs, and the country was divided into smaller political entities.

During this period, Egypt experienced frequent power struggles and the throne changed hands numerous times. There were competing dynasties ruling different parts of the country, including the Libyan dynasties, the Nubian dynasty known as the Kushites, and even the descendants of the priests of Amun in Thebes.

One prominent pharaoh of the Third Intermediate Period was Shoshenq I, who established the 22nd Dynasty of Egypt. He expanded Egypt’s territory through military campaigns and solidified his rule, asserting Egyptian influence in regions such as Palestine and Libya.

However, the political fragmentation and lack of central authority made Egypt vulnerable to external forces. The Assyrians, who were expanding their empire during this time, invaded Egypt several times, inflicting further instability and weakening Egypt’s power.

Despite the political chaos, there were still significant cultural achievements during the Third Intermediate Period. The period saw a revival of art and architecture, with temples built and monuments erected. The city of Tanis, located in the eastern Nile Delta, became an important cultural center during this time.

Towards the end of the Third Intermediate Period, the Assyrians were eventually driven out of Egypt by a native Egyptian dynasty known as the Saite Dynasty. Under the rule of Psamtik I, the Saite Dynasty reunited Egypt, bringing stability and prosperity to the country. This marked the start of the Late Period in Egyptian history.

In conclusion, the Third Intermediate Period was a turbulent era in ancient Egypt characterized by political fragmentation, foreign influence, and a decline in central authority. Despite the challenges, there were still significant cultural achievements, and the period eventually gave way to a reunification of Egypt under the Saite Dynasty.

More Answers:
The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
The Second Intermediate Period | Transformation in Ancient Egypt
The New Kingdom of ancient Egypt

Error 403 The request cannot be completed because you have exceeded your quota. : quotaExceeded


Recent Posts

Don't Miss Out! Sign Up Now!

Sign up now to get started for free!